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Trout Spey: What Is It?

Jess McGlothlin

Fly Fishing Trout Spey

Talk to avid trout fly-fishing anglers around the country, and you’ll likely hear the terms “swing season,” “trout Spey,” or even “Micro Spey.” An effective method for chasing trout during the autumn, winter, and spring months, swinging for trout offers a new style of fishing and a fresh tempo for seasoned anglers. In short, trout Spey is simply taking the traditional style of two-handed Spey fishing (seen in steelhead and salmon fishing circles) and adapting it to trout.

Anglers are often on foot, taking one cast, letting the fly and the line swing through, and then taking a step downstream before casting again. This creates an almost zen-like, rhythmic way of covering runs that help anglers develop skills they can also take back to their single-handed fishing. Unlike dry fly fishing, where the object is to remove all line drag so the fly can float naturally, anglers typically mend downstream after casting to introduce tension into the line. It’s this same tension that “swings” the fly through the water and across the run.

Breaking Down A Trout Stream 

Why Try Trout Spey

Many fishermen have turned to trout Spey simply for the sake of a new challenge and a fresh skill set to learn. It’s an excellent skill to have when fishing close quarters without space for a back cast, and learning to properly anchor a two-handed cast will often increase an angler’s cast “vocabulary” when then pick up a single-handed rod again.

When to Try Trout Spey

Trout Spey truly shines on big, broad rivers such as Montana’s Missouri River, where the breadth of the river provides anglers plenty of space to work through runs on a grid. Anglers can move down a step after each cast, but also reaching out a little further with each cast, covering a promising run with a grid pattern to ensure efficient water coverage. Traditional Spey anglers may be familiar with the classic “down and across” movement—same thing.

Quick note on etiquette: just as in single-handed fishing, never step in front of another angler as they work through a run. Give people space.

A good rule of thumb when looking for promising trout Spey water is to look for water flowing at a walking pace. Cast at an angle downstream, then choose if you want to mend upstream or downstream to either accelerate or moderate the fly’s swing. As the fly comes to the end of the swing—the “dangle”—let it hang directly downstream for a few moments before stripping it in and recasting. Often trout will hit a fly on the dangle; this pause can produce some of your most productive fishing.

Basics of Casting a Fly Rod

Trout Spey rigs

The Basic Trout Spey Gear

Rods marketed as trout Spey often fall between a 2-weight and a 5-weight. Unlike traditional Spey rods which range from 12’6” to more than 15’ in length, trout Spey rods fall into a more manageable 10’6” to 12’6” range.

Generally, a line class on a two-handed trout Spey rod equates to two or even three line weights higher on single-handed rods. (Your 9’ 5-weight single-handed rod equates more closely to a 11’6” 3-weight.) Any kind of Spey fishing will require an anchor to the cast—either waterborne or aerial—and a “D” Loop to load the rod as part of the cast, and the movements are often easier to learn on shorter, lighter trout Spey rods than full-blooded 15’ Spey rods.

Select a reel around two line sizes larger than your rod; this helps to balance out the longer rod, which makes casting more comfortable and natural.

Lines fall into two categories: Scandi or Skagit. The details and comparison of both could easily fill several articles, and I encourage any readers to delve into the multitude of information available online. In short, Scandi lines give delicate presentations and are designed to keep the fly closer to the surface. They’re often fished with minimally-weighted or unweighted flies (commonly soft hackles).

Skagit lines, on the other hand, allow you to finesse your setup. The forward part of the line, called the head, is separate from the level running line. Heads come in different grain weights (sink rates), allowing anglers to target different depths, and different profiles for varied purposes. Skagit lines are effective for heavy streamers, the increased mass allowing anglers to fish heavy sink tips and hefty flies. It’s a good idea to carry a range of shooting heads so you can tackle different water, and don’t be shy about changing them up throughout the day.

Fly Fishing Trout Spey

Give It a Try

Trout Spey is a tactic worth adding to any angler’s quiver. It’s often done in cold weather (autumn, winter, and spring) so consider investing in quality cold-weather gear. A good pair of gloves, a thick beanie, and a solid jacket go a long way. Layer up more than you think you may need—you can always shed layers throughout the day. Consider bringing along a Jetboil and something hot for lunch; it can be a day-maker to be able to warm your hands.

By nature, trout Spey is somewhat of a solitary pursuit. If you’re fishing with friends, you’ll be spread out along the run, each working through your own stretch of river as you all migrate downstream in the cast-step-swing rhythm. Enjoy the quiet time on the water, remember the dangle, and embrace a new style of fishing!

Mossy Oak Store fishing gear

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